I want to build a cell membrane model. The referenced literature calculates the force on a particle by calculating the partial derivative of the Helmholtz free energy. How does the lammps calculate the Helmholtz free energy?

Thanks

I want to build a cell membrane model. The referenced literature calculates the force on a particle by calculating the partial derivative of the Helmholtz free energy. How does the lammps calculate the Helmholtz free energy?

Thanks

I want to build a cell membrane model. The referenced literature calculates the force on a particle by calculating the partial derivative of the Helmholtz free energy.

How does the lammps calculate the Helmholtz free energy?

it doesn’t. do you see it mentioned anywhere in the manual?

axel.