Thank you very much for your response. I have been trying the commands and
fix that you suggested and I have a couple of questions.
I tried the fix nve without and with temp/rescale to adjust the
temperature at 300 K. In both cases, the Ly dimension keeps growing. Also,
with fix nve, Lx, being periodic, does not change to accommodate the
thermal expansion. So, I specified the lattice constant at 300 K in the
I also tried the npt fix using NULL for the non-periodic directions. It
gave similar results.
For some reason, when I group together a few layers at the bottom
(Z-direction) and set their velocity to zero and use setforce to freeze
them, the Ly dimension stabilizes around the initial value. But I am not
sure if this is the right way of equilibrating the sample.
Please find below the input file that I used. It would be very helpful if
you could advise me on these issues.
boundary p s s
# define simulation cell
lattice fcc 3.6357
region box block 0 9.797959 0 14.14213 0 86.6025404
create_box 5 box
lattice fcc 3.6357 orient x 1 -1 -2 orient y 1 1 0 orient z 1 -1 1
spacing 1.22475 1.41421 1.73205
create_atoms 1 box
# specify material and atom types
mass 1 63.55
pair_coeff * * Cu_u3.eam
neighbor 2.0 bin
neigh_modify delay 5
# define boundary
region lower block INF INF INF INF INF 1.5
region upper block INF INF INF INF 48.5 INF
group lower region lower
group upper region upper
group boundary union lower upper
group mobile subtract all boundary
compute mobile_temp mobile temp
compute mobile_stress mobile stress/atom
compute stress mobile reduce sum c_mobile_stress
variable sxx equal c_stress/vol
variable syy equal c_stress/vol
variable szz equal c_stress/vol
velocity all create 600.0 5713354
fix 1 all nve
thermo_style custom step temp press lx ly lz v_sxx v_syy v_szz
thermo_modify lost warn norm yes
Use fix nve for integration and the boundary command to
set your BC in xyz.
I am new to LAMMPS and I am trying to equilibrate a Cu sample at 300 K,
with free surfaces in Y and Z directions and periodic in X direction. I
was wondering what ensemble or command to use for relaxation under these
Any help would be deeply appreciated.
Thanks a lot,
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